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Everything You Need to Know About Hardwood Floor Installation

Hardwood floors are timeless, adding warmth and elegance to any space. Installing hardwood floors is a significant investment that can increase the value of your home while also providing durability and aesthetic appeal. Proper installation is crucial to ensuring longevity and beauty. Here’s everything you need to know about hardwood floor installation.

  1. Pre-Installation Preparation

Prior to starting the installation process, you must take several crucial steps:

  • Selecting the Right Hardwood: Choose hardwood species, grade, color, and finish that complements your space and lifestyle. Factors such as durability, maintenance, and style preferences should be considered.
  • Acclimation: Acclimatise the hardwood planks to the environment where they’ll be installed. This process allows the wood to adjust to temperature and humidity levels, preventing warping or buckling after installation.
  • Subfloor Preparation: Ensure the subfloor is clean, level, and dry. Depending on the installation method, you can make subfloors out of concrete or plywood.
  1. Installation Methods

There are several methods for installing hardwood floors, including:

  • Nail Down: This traditional method involves nailing each hardwood plank to the subfloor using a nail gun. It’s suitable for plywood subfloors and provides a sturdy installation.
  • Glue Down: This method involves directly adhering hardwood planks to the subfloor.It’s ideal for concrete subfloors and provides a strong bond, reducing noise and movement.
  • Floating: Using a click-and-lock system, floating floors interlock with each other instead of adhering to the subfloor.This method is suitable for various subfloors and allows for expansion and contraction.
  1. Tools and materials needed

To install hardwood floors, you’ll need the following tools and materials:

  • Hardwood planks
  • Underlayment (if floating floor installation)
  • Adhesive (if a glue-down installation)
  • Nails or staples (if nail-down installation)
  • Moisture barrier (if necessary)
  • Saw (circular or mitre)
  • Hammer or nail gun
  • Spacers
  • Tape measure
  • Level
  • Tapping block
  • Protective gear (gloves, goggles)
  1. Installation Process

Here’s a general overview of the hardwood floor installation process:

  • Prepare the Subfloor: Ensure the subfloor is clean, level, and dry. Install a moisture barrier, if needed.
  • Layout: Plan the layout of the hardwood planks, considering the room’s dimensions and any obstacles like doorways or cabinets.
  • Start Installation: Begin installing the first row of hardwood planks, ensuring they are straight and aligned. Use spacers to maintain expansion gaps along the walls.
  • Continue Installation: Proceed with each subsequent row, interlocking or nailing the planks according to the chosen installation method. Stagger the end joints for a more natural appearance.
  • Cutting Planks: Use a saw to cut planks as needed to fit at the ends of rows or around obstacles.
  • Finishing Touches: Install baseboards or trim to cover expansion gaps and provide a finished look. Add transitions between rooms or different flooring types if necessary.
  • Final Inspection: Once the installation is complete, inspect the floor for any gaps, unevenness, or imperfections. Make any necessary adjustments or repairs.
  1. Post-Installation Care

After installing hardwood floors, proper care and maintenance are essential to preserving their beauty and durability:

  • Regular Cleaning: To remove dirt and debris, sweep or vacuum the floor on a regular basis. For deeper cleaning, use a damp mop and hardwood floor cleaner.
  • Protective Measures: Place felt pads under furniture legs to prevent scratches. Use rugs or mats in high-traffic areas to reduce wear.
  • Avoid moisture: Hardwood floors are sensitive to moisture. To prevent warping or cupping, immediately wipe up spills and maintain indoor humidity levels.
  • Routine Maintenance: Periodically inspect the floor for signs of wear or damage. Refinish the hardwood as needed to restore its appearance and protect the wood.


The installation of hardwood floors is a significant investment that adds timeless beauty and value to your space. Focusing on careful planning, thorough preparation, and meticulous attention to detail ensures a successful installation process. By choosing reputable suppliers like Temis Flooring Pty Ltd for quality materials, selecting the appropriate installation method, and following proper care guidelines, you can enjoy the elegance and durability of hardwood floors for years to come. Remember, investing in the right flooring company and maintenance practices is key to preserving the beauty and longevity of your hardwood floors.

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